All across Europe, 70,000 so-called Stolpersteine (or “stumbling stones”) have been laid down in memory of people who fell victim to the Holocaust. They are part of a European art project managed by the German artist Gunter Demnig.
Swedish stumbling stones can be found outside three addresses in Stockholm. They mark the houses where people lived after finding refuge in Sweden, only to be expelled and later killed in the Holocaust.
Before and during the Second World War, some of those persecuted by the Nazis fled to Sweden. The goal of the Nazis was to exterminate all European Jews. There were even plans of murdering all Swedish Jews, but since Sweden had not been invaded by Germany, they were never deported.
The initiators of the stumbling stone project in Stockholm are The Living History Forum, The Association of Holocaust Survivors in Sweden and the Jewish Community in Stockholm. The project has been realised in collaboration with the City of Stockholm.
Stolpersteine – an art project
The Stolpersteine (“stumbling stones”) art project was started in Germany in the early 1990’s to honour the Jews, Romani, anti-Nazi activists, homosexuals and others who were expelled or exterminated by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945.
The art project grew rapidly, and today stumbling stones can be found in streets in a number of places around Europe.
Read more at www.stolpersteine.eu